The XRF gun is a handheld lead paint analyzer. It is a unique instrument used by our lead inspectors in Baltimore to test for lead in paint, soil, and air. XRF stands for x-ray fluorescence. It is a spectrometer capable of producing rapid analysis for inspections, risk assessment, and screenings. Compact, lightweight, and battery operated, the XRF spectrometer can be used for numerous applications. XRF can detect lead in paint with different composition, thickness, and substrate. XRF can detect lead in soil for sitemap of contaminated areas, clearance screening, and quality control of remediation projects. Lead inspectors in Baltimore can use XRF lead testing for testing dust wipes to ensure accuracy. Another application of XRF lead inspection is testing filters to see worker exposure to airborne lead particles. These high tech devices use a Cd source to detect lead in the paint even covered by 50 or more layers of non-lead paint. No cutting the paint is required. This point and shoot process immediately produces positive/negative results with a greater than 95% accuracy.
Lead in paint has been associated with many health and environmental issues. Exposure of pregnant women to lead can cause issues such as premature birth, low birthweight, and miscarriages. Infants and young children exposed to lead poisoning can have decreased intelligence scores and health problems such as decelerated growth and hearing problems. Adults and children exposed to high amounts of lead can result in kidney failure and brain damage.
Lead-contaminated paint in homes and businesses posses numerous environmental, safety and remediation concerns. Depending on the source, lead contamination may be localized or distributed extensively throughout a property. For example, if the exterior of a house has been painted with lead-based paint, the soil near the house normally will have a high concentration of lead that fades the further you get from the structure. Houses that have had extensive renovation may only have localized contamination on old components such as pipes and untouched surfaces. Only a thorough XRF lead test, from our Baltimore lead inspector, involving a detailed sampling pattern, will produce an accurate lead paint contamination assessment.